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AP’s biz editors rank top 10 stories of 2014

A plunge in gas prices and a rising stock market has Americans feeling richer and spending a bit more. These are among the top 10 business stories of 2014, as chosen by business editors at the Associated Press.
 top 10 business stories
The rapid decline of oil prices has pushed gasoline to a U.S. average of under $2.40 a gallon.

The rapid decline of oil prices has pushed gasoline to a U.S. average of under $2.40 a gallon.

This year showed how sheltered the U.S. economy is from geopolitical and health crises around the world. The global economy sputtered, but the U.S. powered ahead. Employers are finally hiring enough to lower unemployment. A plunge in gas prices and a rising stock market has Americans feeling richer and spending a bit more. These are among the top 10 business stories of 2014, as chosen by business editors at the Associated Press.

1. U.S. growth; global slowdown

After a freezing winter put a chill on buying and selling, the U.S. economy has posted its best six months since 2003, including a sizzling 5 percent annual growth rate in the third quarter. But the rest of the world hasn’t been as lucky. Japan has fallen back into recession. The 18 countries that make up the eurozone are barely growing and fear a dangerous drop in prices. Major developing nations aren’t faring much better. China’s growth has dropped to a five-year low of 7.3 percent. Western sanctions and dropping oil prices have decimated Russia’s currency. Brazil just edged out of recession. What’s helped the U.S. is its relative insulation. American consumers, not exports, are the main drivers of the world’s largest economy.

2. The return of jobs

Millions of Americans still struggle with low pay and fewer hours of work than they want, and millions have given up looking for a job entirely. But five years after the recession ended, the U.S. job market is looking much healthier. The unemployment rate is below 6 percent. Employers added nearly 3 million jobs, the most since 1999, as shoppers and businesses spend more. As a result, the Federal Reserve ended its recession-era stimulus program in October and is edging closer to lifting interest rates. The Fed has kept rates near zero since 2008 to spur lending and investment.

3. Security breaches

The theft of 40 million credit and debit cards and 70 million personal records from Target late last year turned out to be just the beginning. Home Depot hackers nabbed 56 million cards and 53 million email addresses. There were breaches at Kmart, Dairy Queen and Albertsons. JPMorgan Chase said hackers stole information covering 76 million households and 7 million small businesses. Sony employees’ private information and emails were posted online. The consequences? Sony Pictures Entertainment first said it would not release “The Interview,” a comedy about assassinating the North Korean leader, after hackers threatened to attack movie theaters. It later reversed itself and released the film in some theaters on Christmas Day. Target replaced top executives. Shops, card companies and banks sped up card security improvements.

4. Oil plunge

Global crude prices have fallen to less than $60 per barrel from this year’s high of $115 because of more production, especially in the U.S., while slowing economies in Europe and Asia crimp demand. A rapid decline in the second half of the year pushed gasoline’s average price to below $2.40 a gallon in the U.S., the lowest price in nearly five years, and prices were below $2 a gallon in many places. Americans are pocketing $14.6 billion more a month than when gas was at its 2014 high of $3.70. Cheaper crude is also pumping up auto sales and saving airlines money on jet fuel. But drilling could slow in North Dakota’s new boomtowns and other regions, hurting businesses that have cropped up. And governments in energy producers Russia, Venezuela and Iran are being squeezed, increasing the likelihood of political upheaval.

5. Auto recalls

In the U.S. alone, automakers recalled more than 60 million cars and trucks. That far surpasses the previous record of 30.8 million in 2004. The bulk of those come from two problems that have led to nearly 50 deaths and dozens of injuries. General Motors was fined the maximum $35 million by U.S. safety regulators for dragging its feet — for a decade — over replacing faulty switches that can shut down car engines. Japanese air bag supplier Takata, whose air bags can inflate too fast and spew shrapnel, has fought regulators’ demands to expand recalls. The U.S. Justice Department is investigating both companies.

6. Mobile momentum

PC sales are slumping, but mobile phone subscriptions are expected to reach 7 billion this year — the same as the world’s population. Phone makers are launching cheaper smartphones aimed at developing countries, which could get billions more people online. Already, more than a billion people check Facebook on their phones and tablets. The social media giant spent $22 billion on a phone messaging app, WhatsApp. Uber, a hail-a-cab app, is valued at $40 billion. Apple, the iPhone and iPad maker, launched Apple Pay, a payment system that sidesteps cash and plastic.

7. Soaring stock markets

Another year, another record. The end of the Federal Reserve’s bond-buying stimulus program stressed investors this fall, but U.S. stocks kept rising, extending the bull market run to nearly six years. More companies made acquisitions and big companies bought up more than $400 billion of their own stock, helping to put the Standard & Poor’s 500 index on pace for a 12 percent gain in 2014. The Dow passed 18,000 for the first time. And despite the end of the Fed’s bond purchases, which was expected to weigh on markets, bond prices rallied and rates dropped.

8. Minimum wage growth

Inequality has been rising, and median household incomes have fallen since the recession began in late 2007. But the federal minimum hourly wage has remained at $7.25 since 2009. Labor organizers, fast-food workers and Walmart employees have campaigned for higher pay across the country. Congress hasn’t acted, but cities and states — and President Barack Obama — have. Obama raised pay by executive order for government contractors, to $10.10 an hour. By Jan. 1, 29 states, including Nebraska, and Washington, D.C., will have a higher minimum wage than $7.25. Seattle approved an increase to $15 an hour, the highest rate in the country.

9. Janet Yellen

The Federal Reserve had been led exclusively by men for a century. Then Janet Yellen, a 68-year-old former economics professor and the No. 2 at the Fed, became the first woman to lead the central bank. Yellen criticizes inequality, focuses on jobs growth and has tried to demystify the moves of the notoriously opaque Fed. She has also tied the failure of most economists to predict the damages wrought by the financial crisis to a lack of diversity in the field. She says that increasing diversity is a priority at the central bank.

10. Mergers and acquisitions

Higher stocks and confidence lifted global mergers and acquisitions volume to the highest level since 2007. With a few days to go, global deal volume has risen 20 percent to $3.41 trillion, including debt. Climbing markets make it easier to do stock deals, and borrowing is cheap. Meanwhile, initial public offerings had their biggest year since 2000. Health care companies made up 37 percent of all IPOs in the U.S., nearly double the level in 2013. And the biggest IPO ever, that of China’s e-commerce behemoth Alibaba Group Holding, raised $25 billion in September.

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This year showed how sheltered the U.S. economy is from geopolitical and health crises around the world. The global economy sputtered, but the U.S. powered ahead. Employers are finally hiring enough to lower unemployment. A plunge in gas prices and a rising stock market has Americans feeling richer and spending a bit more. These are among the top 10 business stories of 2014, as chosen by business editors at the Associated Press.

1. U.S. growth; global slowdown

After a freezing winter put a chill on buying and selling, the U.S. economy has posted its best six months since 2003, including a sizzling 5 percent annual growth rate in the third quarter. But the rest of the world hasn’t been as lucky. Japan has fallen back into recession. The 18 countries that make up the eurozone are barely growing and fear a dangerous drop in prices. Major developing nations aren’t faring much better. China’s growth has dropped to a five-year low of 7.3 percent. Western sanctions and dropping oil prices have decimated Russia’s currency. Brazil just edged out of recession. What’s helped the U.S. is its relative insulation. American consumers, not exports, are the main drivers of the world’s largest economy.

2. The return of jobs

Millions of Americans still struggle with low pay and fewer hours of work than they want, and millions have given up looking for a job entirely. But five years after the recession ended, the U.S. job market is looking much healthier. The unemployment rate is below 6 percent. Employers added nearly 3 million jobs, the most since 1999, as shoppers and businesses spend more. As a result, the Federal Reserve ended its recession-era stimulus program in October and is edging closer to lifting interest rates. The Fed has kept rates near zero since 2008 to spur lending and investment.

3. Security breaches

The theft of 40 million credit and debit cards and 70 million personal records from Target late last year turned out to be just the beginning. Home Depot hackers nabbed 56 million cards and 53 million email addresses. There were breaches at Kmart, Dairy Queen and Albertsons. JPMorgan Chase said hackers stole information covering 76 million households and 7 million small businesses. Sony employees’ private information and emails were posted online. The consequences? Sony Pictures Entertainment first said it would not release “The Interview,” a comedy about assassinating the North Korean leader, after hackers threatened to attack movie theaters. It later reversed itself and released the film in some theaters on Christmas Day. Target replaced top executives. Shops, card companies and banks sped up card security improvements.

4. Oil plunge

Global crude prices have fallen to less than $60 per barrel from this year’s high of $115 because of more production, especially in the U.S., while slowing economies in Europe and Asia crimp demand. A rapid decline in the second half of the year pushed gasoline’s average price to below $2.40 a gallon in the U.S., the lowest price in nearly five years, and prices were below $2 a gallon in many places. Americans are pocketing $14.6 billion more a month than when gas was at its 2014 high of $3.70. Cheaper crude is also pumping up auto sales and saving airlines money on jet fuel. But drilling could slow in North Dakota’s new boomtowns and other regions, hurting businesses that have cropped up. And governments in energy producers Russia, Venezuela and Iran are being squeezed, increasing the likelihood of political upheaval.

5. Auto recalls

In the U.S. alone, automakers recalled more than 60 million cars and trucks. That far surpasses the previous record of 30.8 million in 2004. The bulk of those come from two problems that have led to nearly 50 deaths and dozens of injuries. General Motors was fined the maximum $35 million by U.S. safety regulators for dragging its feet — for a decade — over replacing faulty switches that can shut down car engines. Japanese air bag supplier Takata, whose air bags can inflate too fast and spew shrapnel, has fought regulators’ demands to expand recalls. The U.S. Justice Department is investigating both companies.

6. Mobile momentum

PC sales are slumping, but mobile phone subscriptions are expected to reach 7 billion this year — the same as the world’s population. Phone makers are launching cheaper smartphones aimed at developing countries, which could get billions more people online. Already, more than a billion people check Facebook on their phones and tablets. The social media giant spent $22 billion on a phone messaging app, WhatsApp. Uber, a hail-a-cab app, is valued at $40 billion. Apple, the iPhone and iPad maker, launched Apple Pay, a payment system that sidesteps cash and plastic.

7. Soaring stock markets

Another year, another record. The end of the Federal Reserve’s bond-buying stimulus program stressed investors this fall, but U.S. stocks kept rising, extending the bull market run to nearly six years. More companies made acquisitions and big companies bought up more than $400 billion of their own stock, helping to put the Standard & Poor’s 500 index on pace for a 12 percent gain in 2014. The Dow passed 18,000 for the first time. And despite the end of the Fed’s bond purchases, which was expected to weigh on markets, bond prices rallied and rates dropped.

8. Minimum wage growth

Inequality has been rising, and median household incomes have fallen since the recession began in late 2007. But the federal minimum hourly wage has remained at $7.25 since 2009. Labor organizers, fast-food workers and Walmart employees have campaigned for higher pay across the country. Congress hasn’t acted, but cities and states — and President Barack Obama — have. Obama raised pay by executive order for government contractors, to $10.10 an hour. By Jan. 1, 29 states, including Nebraska, and Washington, D.C., will have a higher minimum wage than $7.25. Seattle approved an increase to $15 an hour, the highest rate in the country.

9. Janet Yellen

The Federal Reserve had been led exclusively by men for a century. Then Janet Yellen, a 68-year-old former economics professor and the No. 2 at the Fed, became the first woman to lead the central bank. Yellen criticizes inequality, focuses on jobs growth and has tried to demystify the moves of the notoriously opaque Fed. She has also tied the failure of most economists to predict the damages wrought by the financial crisis to a lack of diversity in the field. She says that increasing diversity is a priority at the central bank.

10. Mergers and acquisitions

Higher stocks and confidence lifted global mergers and acquisitions volume to the highest level since 2007. With a few days to go, global deal volume has risen 20 percent to $3.41 trillion, including debt. Climbing markets make it easier to do stock deals, and borrowing is cheap. Meanwhile, initial public offerings had their biggest year since 2000. Health care companies made up 37 percent of all IPOs in the U.S., nearly double the level in 2013. And the biggest IPO ever, that of China’s e-commerce behemoth Alibaba Group Holding, raised $25 billion in September.

 

The original posted by Associated Press

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